About LLT

Aims and Scope 

Language Learning & Technology (LLT) is a free, fully-refereed, open journal which has been published exclusively online since July 1997. Originally published tri-annually, the journal is now published continously (read more about this model here) throughout the year by the National Foreign Language Resource Center at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa. The journal seeks to disseminate research to foreign and second language educators on issues related to technology and language education. The focus of LLT is not technology per se, but rather issues related to language learning and language teaching, and how they are affected or enhanced by the use of digital technologies. LLT has an editorial board of scholars in the fields of second language acquisition and computer-assisted language learning.

Language Learning & Technology is currently sponsored and funded by the National Foreign Language Resource Center (NFLRC) and the Center for Language & Technology (CLT) at University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, and the Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL) at the University of Texas at Austin. In its early beginnings, the journal started as a project sponsored by the NFLRC and the Center for Language Education and Research (CLEAR) at Michigan State University and co-sponsored by Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication (ALSIC), the Australian Technology Enhanced Language Learning Consortium (ATELL), the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL), the Computer Assisted Language Instruction Consortium (CALICO), the European Association for Computer Assisted Language Learning (EUROCALL), the International Association for Language Learning Technology (IALLT), and the University of Minnesota Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA).

Open Access and Creative Commons License

The LLT Journal is listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals. From 1997-2019, LLT readers were allowed to download, copy, distribute, print, or link to the full texts of the articles, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author, as long as Language Learning & Technology was cited as the source of the content. Authors maintained copyright over their individual articles published between 1997-2019 and should be contacted regarding any questions about republication rights.

Starting January 1, 2020, all items published in LLT are under an Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International license, or CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0, which permits users to download and share the original work (provided they credit the original source), without any alterations or commercial use. Authors retain copyright of material published in the journal and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors are not charged article processing charges (APC) for submitting articles or for publication of their accepted articles.

The LLT Journal is indexed in the Current Contents/Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISI Alerting Services, Institute for Scientific Information's (ISI) Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Linguistics Abstracts, PsycINFO, and Social Scisearch databases. Since 2007, LLT has ranked in the top 20 Linguistics journals and in the top 30 Education journals in the Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Reports (now property of Clarivate Analytics).

ISI Journal Citation Reports® Ranking



Impact Factor

5 Year






6 out of 193

36 out of 264




14 out of 187

48 out of 263




11 out of 184

32 out of 243




14 out of 181

47 out of 238




8 out of 180

26 out of 235




14 out of 179

30 out of 230




13 out of 171

30 out of 224




10 out of 169

26 out of 219




12 out of 160

19 out of 216




7 out of 162

15 out of 206




8 out of 141

15 out of 177




3 out of 93

3 out of 139




11 out of 68

9 out of 113



No Data

13 out of 55

14 out of 105

The European Reference Index for the Humanities (ERIH) classification:

ERIH classifies LLT as INT2 in the field of Pedagogical and Educational research, an international publication “with significant visibility and influence in the various research domains in different countries.”

The contents of this publication were partially developed under a grant from the Department of Education (CFDA 84.229, P229A60012-96 and P229A6007). However, the contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and one should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.


LLT is working with OASIS, the Open Accessible Summaries In Language Studies (OASIS) initiative, which aims to make research findings on language learning and teaching available and accessible to a wide audience. OASIS summaries are one-page descriptions of research articles on language learning, language teaching, and multilingualism that have been published in peer-reviewed journals listed on the Social Science Citation Index. The summaries provide information about the study’s goals, how it was conducted, and what was found, and are written in non-technical language. Where relevant, they also highlight findings that may be of particular interest to language educators, although the initiative is not solely aimed at research with immediate practical implications. The summaries are generally approved, and often (co-)written, by the author(s) of the original journal article. We encourage all LLT authors to consider submitting summaries of their articles to OASIS.

Dorothy Chun & Trude Heift, Editors
Published by the National Foreign Language Resource Center (NFLRC) with additional support by the NFLRC and the Center for Language & Technology at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, and the Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL) at the University of Texas at Austin
Impact Factor


In 2020, LLT was ranked #1 in the world among Open Access journals in Linguistics and Languages, and #4 in the world among Open Access journals in Education! Read more about our rankings here.

Best Paper Award

News & Announcements

Volunteer to Copy Edit